It also gives opportunities for the people to protect themselves from dangerous diseases. Medical biotechnology has improved tremendously in the recent decades, which lead to the multiple innovative techniques that aim to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases. More advanced and innovative methodologies include genomics, pharmaceuticals, DNA sequencing, cell culture, interference RNA, and genome editing have effectively improved the growth and understanding of health science, through gene sequencing, stem cells for regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and antibiotics. This biotechnology application is very important in healthcare because it allows for the mass production of safe and more effective medicines. Biotechnology is a very vast field and its applications are used in various fields of science such as agriculture and medicine. In some cases in which a genetic disease is present in an individuals family, family members may be advised to undergo genetic testing. Biotechnology Applications In Medicine. You may have already learnt about Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. For example, mutations in the BRCA genes may increase the likelihood of developing breast and ovarian cancers in women and some other cancers in women an… The process of testing for suspected genetic defects before administering treatment is called genetic diagnosis by genetic testing. Medicine is using biotechnology techniques so much in diagnosing and treating different diseases.

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