This BiologyWise article on human cloning will cover the advantages of cloning humans. Advantages. This form of cloning is an asexual method of reproduction, where fertili­zation or inter-gamete contact does not take place. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone. Historical and very influential people can be possibly re-created. Dolly died when she was six, and though she had shortened telomeres, she lived an average life and produced multiple offspring through natural methods, but she also developed diseases in her later years. 3. In human cloning, doctors, instead of using materials foreign to the body are able to grow cells, bones, tissues that match that of person taking treatment. One of the more controversial subjects of this technology is cloning. Hence, it can also be termed as “re­search cloning” or “therapeutic cloning.” Re­cently, scientists at the New York Stem Cell Foundation Laboratory have reprogrammed an adult human egg cell to an embryonic state using cloning technology and created a self- reproducing line of embryonic stem cells from the developing embryo. Haldane is given credit for having coined the word “clone” during a speech in 1963. b. The most common technique used in human cloning is ‘somatic cell nuclear transfer’. Victims of terrible accidents with deformed faces can hope to have their features repaired with safe technology. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Transplantation of bone marrow is one such form of stem cell therapy. Cure for Diseases. The phenomenon of cells differentiating in to specific kinds of tissue was baffling the scientists. After the identification of the defect, a clone can be created with the tissue of the fetus. have enacted specific legislation to prohibit or ban human cloning; other countries like Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States of America have restrictive legislation to monitor certain kinds of testing done for research purposes. 3. Advantages & disadvantages of cloning plants. While some countries like Argentina, Australia, Poland, etc. Benefits of cloning include being able to create tissue and organs that doctors can use when needed for surgery on the original. Whether it is ethical or unethical, genetic cloning is always seen as the greatest challenge in genetic…. The case of breast implants for cosmetic reasons is also similar. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Certain types of cloning may be used to create food sources with a higher nutritional value, while others may be used to create types of medicine or treatments. To come up with a well-informed insight about cloning, let us look closer at its advantages and disadvantages. This extraction of the stem cells destroys the embryo. In 2004, a South Korean professor, Hwang woo-suk, claimed he had harvested embryonic stem cells from a cloned human blastocyst. Cloned from a six-year-old Dorset sheep, scientists analyzed her DNA at her first birthday and discovered that the telomeres at the end of her DNA strands (think eraser on a pencil head) were shorter that they should be for her age. Individual body cells within plants and animals are clones that occur during a cell-reproduction process called mitosis. Considering the problems that already exist with animal cloning, we can safely presume that the procedure will be a very large obstacle to begin with. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Just imagine, you could get a twin by cloning yourself. Genetic cloning allows scientists to take small amounts of cells from a certain organ and use them to generate and harvest new organs that are entirely functioning. With the silicone implants, people developed illness of their immune system. At the age of five she developed arthritis, and the researchers put her to sleep at age six because of tumors in her lungs, which may have been in the genome of the original. As recently as on May 2005, a team of scientists led by Mr Hwang Woo-Suk attached to Seoul National University, claimed to have created 11 lines of human stem cells using a different technique. (CRISPR itself has encountered resistance after a couple of studies linked CRISPR-edited cells to an increased risk of cancer.) But, many countries have not accepted this. Scientists around the world continue to argue the advantages of cloning in hopes of being able to research it more thoroughly, but more than 30 countries have already issued bans on human reproductive cloning. The pros or advantages of human cloning include: The cons or disadvantages of human cloning raise moral, ethical and safety issues: While the purpose of cloning is to create an exact replica – if scientists cloned a human that appears identical to the original – it raises the questions as to whether the cloned human is an individual separate from the original and is due the same rights as any other human. Human cloning could be used in regenerative medicine. Organism cloning (also called reproductive cloning) refers to the procedure of creating a new multicellular organism, genetically iden­tical to another.

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