Many of those that live in Southern Africa are suffering from severe malnutrition, and drought is causing havoc with and to the environment. The agreement setting up the World Trade Organisation tries to balance the many conflicting issues that this principle requires – relations in the field of trade and economic endeavour should be conducted with a view to raising standards of living, ensuring full employment and a large and steadily growing volume of real income and effective demand, and expanding the production of and trade in goods and services, while allowing for the optimal use of the world’s resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development, seeking both to protect and preserve the environment and to enhance the means for doing so in a manner consistent with their respective needs and concerns at different levels of economic development. In the first place, there is a knee-jerk reaction against genetic manipulation. Apart from these, there are many other biotechnological treatments applied to monitor the different components of the environment. Benefits of Biotechnology. We consider it intolerable that more than 800 million people throughout the world, and particularly in developing countries, do not have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs. In the last 100 years, however, we have made rapid and possibly irretrievable changes to the environment, including the excessive use of fossil fuels relative to their replacement, excessive use of water, production of greenhouse gases etc and even a huge increase in the human population. Of necessity biotechnology has to be applied for the benefit of human beings, society and the environment. Health is improved where hunger and quality of food is eliminated. Healthy people are empowered in that they are able to participate in society and are more able to live meaningful lives. It has come up with various types of chemicals and fertilizers which have helped in the increased production of crops. 3. Here is a couple of them: • Benefits to the farmers: Biotechnology in various ways has contributed to the entire process of crop production. Biotechnology also has a number of risk and disadvantages : Given that the introduction of foreign genes to the diet, and therefore, to the human body can be dangerous, a potential risk could be the transfer of potentially allergenic proteins, that is, capable of determining, in some hypersensitive subjects, food intolerances. Food supplies have increased substantially, but constraints on access to food and continuing inadequacy of household and national incomes to purchase food, instability of supply and demand, as well as natural and man-made disasters, prevent basic food needs from being fulfilled. Benefits of biotechnology can also be experienced in the medical institution. It is clear that we need to promote access to the genetic resources for food and agriculture for farmers, farming communities and the consumer. . This group believes that research on biotechnology (with regulatory systems), and extending its fruits to the society should be pursued with a cautious approach. Disadvantages of using biotechnology in agriculture. Both formal ethical systems and ethical practices in every society presume the necessity of providing those who are able-bodied with the means to obtain food and enabling those who are unable to feed themselves to receive food directly. For most consumers in developed countries the choice of whether to eat genetically modified foods or not is not an ethical issue. These concerns are human centred. (2000a, 2000b, 2000c) and Traxler et al. But if there are so many benefits of agricultural biotechnology, what is holding back further pick-up of these practices by farmers? If however, that food was proscribed by the society as (for example) not being halal or kosher, then an inability to identify the food as proscribed would be unethical. To eat genetically modified food would not be wicked, even if the individual was concerned as to its safety. The empirical studies that have been completed find that the benefits from biotechnology innovations have been widely shared among consumers, producers and industry. The panel concluded the main societal benefits of food biotechnology were: Increased agricultural production; Reduced loss due to pests, drought, and disease; Increased environmental sustainability; Furthermore, the panelists described that GE crops enhanced health and nutrition. The industrialisation of agriculture is an issue in many African countries, for it takes away the traditional structures of society and substitutes a more individualist system that may cause harm. People have been modifying plants, animals and microorganisms for specific uses for centuries. Where there are people who are starving and where a technology can help to provide for more and nutritionally better food, and it is not made available is an ethical issue. Humans are no longer in harmony with their environment, and we have to be aware of an impact on the environment. These are not necessarily the same, for the benefit to living human beings may be at the short or long term cost to the environment. Biotechnology plays a major role in monitoring and controlling the environmental pollutions through the biological applications including bioremediation, biomonitoring, biotreatment and biodegradation of all the solid, liquid and gaseous wastes. The problems of hunger and food insecurity have global dimensions and are likely to persist, and even increase dramatically in some regions, unless urgent, determined and concerted action is taken, given the anticipated increase in the world’s population and the stress on natural resources. This industrialisation may arguably help in providing more and better food at the cost of disrupting traditional belief systems and modifying the way of life of many in rural areas which may result in less food available where and when necessary. Benefits of Biotechnology June 28, 2017. 4 Studies by Falck-Zepeda et al. If the application of modern biological techniques could result in food products that can better survive drought and heat, and also is able to provide more food in the right place and the right time, then there are clear benefits that result from its use. Where a primary goal was the pursuit of happiness (and the greatest good) we now have to pursue sustainability. Its technological application includes pharmaceutical products and medicines, and human therapy. There are numerous ways in which Biotechnology has benefited the mankind. Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, Use of Modern Biotechnology for Economic Growth, Use of Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture (with diagrams), Essay on Biotechnology: Scope and Branches, Biotechnology: History, Scopes and Applications (with diagrams), Microorganisms Associated with Food (Types) | Food Biotechnology, Different Systems or Modes of Microbial Cultures | Microorganism | Biotechnology, Rancidity of Food: Introduction, Types, Factors and Prevention of Rancidity | Food Chemistry | Biotechnology, Classification of Food Starches | Food Chemistry | Biotechnology, Colloidal Systems in Food: Functions, Types and Stability | Food Chemistry. The WTO and its disputes resolution system have placed the freedom to trade above environmental concerns, but there is recognition of the importance of environmental concerns. There is a presumption that acceptability of the risk must include an improved quality of life, perhaps as we develop better (or more) food, better health and an environment which is improved in a sustainable manner. This situation is unacceptable. A neutral group of people who have a balanced approach to biotechnology. The FAO constitution identifies the need to raise levels of nutrition, secure improvements in the efficiency of production and distribution of all food and agricultural products, and better the conditions of those who live in rural areas. benefit "spillovers" to be enjoyed by other members of society. Human usage of the environment in the 10000 years of our exploitation of nature has been relatively benign. It helps produced large quantity of protein for nutritional supplements and insulin for diabetic patient treatment. It is axiomatic that food is essential for our survival. Of necessity biotechnology has to be applied for the benefit of human beings, society and the environment. They argue that for centuries the society has safely used the products and processes of biotechnology. These are not necessarily the same, for the benefit to living human beings may be at the short or long term cost to the environment. Economic and Social Benefits of Biotechnology!

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