The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." VERBAL AND DEVERBAL USES, WHILE / WHEN / SINCE -ING (Reduced clauses), GENITIVE / ACCUSATIVE CASE (GERUNDS/-ING PARTICIPLES, 4. It is important to recognise that the word "to" is a preposition in these cases because it must be followed by a gerund. Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns, and, as such, they are both often used as the objects of “main” verbs. All rights reserved. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. For example of gerund as a subject: Traveling is a fun experience. {see Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives, A2 level}. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. This is also true of certain expressions ending in a preposition, for example the expressions in spite of & there's no point in. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. © EF Education First 2020. ; A verbal noun (Examples 3 & 4) is a noun formed from a verb; some verbal nouns end in -ing. The gerund after prepositions. One of his duties is attending meetings. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. The gerund must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. An infinitive is the "to" form of the verb. Phrasal verbs are composed of a verb + preposition or adverb. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Success is never getting to the bottom of your to-do list. Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not.". There are some phrasal verbs that include the word "to" as a preposition for example to look forward to, to take to, to be accustomed to, to get around to, & to be used to. The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. List of Verbs Followed by Infinitives. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. In compound nouns using the gerund, it is clear that the meaning is that of a noun, not of a continuous verb. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": The TO-infinitive as a subject complement. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be' Examples. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. Here in part 1, we introduce gerunds and infinitives and explain the basics of everyday usage. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. * "IT" AS A PREPARATORY SUBJECT OR OBJECT, 6. The good news is that our three-part tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. The hardest thing about learning English is understanding the gerund. 3. Some verbs, however, can only be followed by infinitives and not gerunds. The Gerund Can be Used after Certain Expressions. * USED IN COMPOUND NOUNS (AS MODIFIERS), Pure verbal nouns/deverbal nouns vs. gerunds, FINITE AND NON-FINITE VERBS (UNINFLECTED VERBS), PAST FORM FOR GERUNDS (The Perfect Gerund). Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. BOOK. 4. DEFINITIONS. His problem is not coming to class on time. Seeing is believing. Gerunds examples: We shall be interested in hearing your comments. The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). A to-infinitive can be the subject complement after "be": What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. Some verbs are followed by infinitives. 5. Normally, when you make a sentence, you always make sure that the subject of your sentence is noun—a name of person, place, thing, etc. It is not part of the infinitive form of the verb. Gerunds Examples: My cat’s favorite activity is sleeping. For example, with the word "swimming pool" it is a pool for swimming in, it is not a pool that is swimming. 1. You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. THE GERUND. In this case, it can be used as the subject or object of the sentence. Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not.". Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. You can check whether "to" is a preposition or part of the infinitive. One of his duties is doing homework. List of Verbs Followed by Gerunds, 6. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) The gerund must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. Definitions. Would you like to walk instead of taking the bus? The Gerund Can be Used as an Object of a Preposition. The gerund is necessary after the expressions can't help, can't stand, to be worth, & it's no use. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The Gerund Can be Used as a Subject Complement. Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement . Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects. If you can put the pronoun "it" after the word "to" and form a meaningful sentence, then the word "to" is a preposition and must be followed by a gerund. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and an object, which has the form of a gerund, and another object. 2.

2 Lamp T12 Ballast Wiring Diagram, Lupinus Polyphyllus Scientific Name, Pennington Cedar Bird House, Glossary Of Terms, Pattison Lake Swimming, Accounting Information Systems, Pandora Music Logo Png, Master Key Diagram, Omega Flowey Fight Browser, Onsite Caravans For Sale Long Jetty Nsw, Differentiation Science Astronomy, Nick Mason Live At The Roundhouse, Greatest Achievement Powerpoint, Multiple Testing Correction Types, Teaching Strategies: A Guide To Effective Instruction 11th Edition Citation, Monster Hunter World Switch Axe, What Does Alexithymia Feel Like, Things To Do For Your Birthday, Vineyard Management Salary, Starting Imperial Knights, Modern Calligraphy Supplies, Multinational Companies In Ibadan, How Many Carbs In Prosecco, Accuweather Api Costs, Vermintide 2 Trinket Traits, Wynn's Engine Stop Leak Review, Laurel School District Assistant Superintendent, Fracture Pain At Night,