(Correct), #5:I have no house to live. Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. a) I happened to be waiting for the bus when the accident happened. As a Noun: To dance was her passion. To + Gerund: used after certain verbs and phrases like ‘be used to, with a view to, accustomed to, owing to, given to, look forward to, prone to, in addition to,’ etc. Some examples are eating, playing, and listening. Gerund vs Infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by both a gerund and an infinitive (being used as a noun) without causing a change in meaning. Grammar Rules with 16 Tips on using Gerunds & Infinitives. avoid doing). They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Certainly looking at how the two are similar is the easiest method of introducing the topic. Exercice d'anglais "Infinitif, forme en -ing / infinitive, gerund" créé par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! worksheets, lesson plans,  activities, etc. (Incorrect)Shiela is bent on going to Hyderabad next week. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}). (‘To’ removed as followed by modal verb ‘must). (Here ‘like’ has ‘I’ as its subject so it is a Finite verb but ‘to give’ has no subject and limitation of number so it is a Non-Finite verb), a) Infinitives. 1. drugs is illegal. English Lessons for Kids - Videos, Printables, Games, Online Tests (Incorrect)She confessed to have cheated in the exam. And if you are interested in more, you should follow our Facebook page where we share more about creative, non-boring ways to teach English. (Correct), #13:My mother taught me how cook food. (General/ habit), c) Infinitive: I like to swim today. She participates in swimming events. After, words like let, bid, behold, see, watch, feel, make etc, we use bare-infinitive and should not use … Non-Finite Verb: Verbs that have no separate subject and do not show tense (i.e.) (‘Uttered’ happened before he ‘admitted’). (Note the meaning has changed from previous two examples). Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. (Correct), #11:Why not to rest now? (Correct), #4:You should avoid to drive at night. Gerund vs. Participle: Gerunds always functions as nouns, whereas participles function as adjectives. c) He rebuked you for coming late. An introductory infinitive lesson could use the same approach in order to give students some easy infinitive practice without overwhelming them with various structures and uses. a) Participle: Barking dogs seldom bite. Both can be used as the subject or object of a sentence. a) Infinitive: I like to swim. Gerund vs. Infinitive. (Correct), #7:She is prone to injure herself. A multi-level English curriculum featuring cartoon animated videos, engaging games, interactive tests and a progress tracker. (Incorrect)He is addicted to watching TV continuously (Correct). I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. Tip #6: Possessive Noun/ Pronoun + Gerund. (functions as an adjective). Need, Dare: When these two words are used as auxiliaries in negative and interrogative sentences, direct infinitive, that’s infinitive without ‘to’, is used after them. She is afraid of flying. (Correct), #20:She might to come tomorrow. a) She enjoys (to ride) riding on the hills. b) Paul avoids using chemicals on the vegetables he grows. When you are talking about an activity, you usually use a gerund. e) Before I turn 40, I want to have written a book. (Incorrect)The trainer let him take a break. (Correct), #10:She confessed to cheat in the exam. Some examples are eating, playing, and listening. Gerund and Infinitive Rules. Indeed a gerund is a noun made from a verb. With this information alone, you can create lesson plans that focus on the various uses of gerunds and infinitives and give students some practice using them in sentences. As with gerunds, it takes a lot of practice to recognize which words this applies to and there is no rule to help. (Incorrect)The machine is for measuring weight. Object: Infinitive can act as an object following the verb. (Showing purpose for which the subject is used). (Incorrect)Why not rest now? (Active voice-direct infinitive, so no ‘to’ used before ‘write’), b) The student was made to write an essay. After the main verb, both gerunds and infinitives can be used. Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. A crowd collected to watch You can use a gerund as … We had better to take some warm clothing. You can give the class pairs of sentences where one sentence uses a gerund and the other uses the infinitive. Some verbs take only a gerund. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. her now. I like getting up early in summer. LEARNING PUNDITS (https://learningpundits.com/) Learning Pundits help Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar & Vocabulary, ace Aptitude Tests, speak fluently in a Group Discussion, apply for jobs, participate in online contests. Each of the following sentences will contain a mistake in the usage of Adjectives. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) (‘Barking’, functioning as a noun, is the sound heard by us). (Incorrect)She might come tomorrow. c) She was sorry to have missed the show. 4. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. (Correct), #18:The trainer let him to take a break. Native speakers never question that because they are introduced to words, phrases, and sentence structures gradually by listening to people around them. Very: when used with ‘very’, the infinitive expresses affirmative meaning. a) Her parents let her go to cinema. (Correct), #15:I will have him to finish the food completely. Perfect Infinitive is used if the action expressed by the Infinitive precedes the action of the Finite verb OR in Third conditional sentences. It is no good . Give up, Put off, and Set about: Phrasal verbs like these ones are followed by Direct Gerund. 2. (‘To’ removed as followed by ‘would rather’), c) You must be joking! (functions as a noun), c) Participle. 3. The earthquake caused many buildings to collapse. (Incorrect)She is reported to be working in Chandigarh nowadays. (Correct), (contd..) Tips on Gerunds & Infinitives — https://learningpundits.com/module-view/21-gerunds-&-infinitives/1-tips-on-gerunds-&-infinitives/. (Correct), #9:It is no use to wait for her. a) Infinitive: I like to swim. Once your students have had some practice using both gerunds and infinitives in separate lessons, combine them. “We … Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. the top. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. Our collection is growing every day with the help of many teachers. Possessive Noun/ pronoun + gerund: The noun or pronoun before a gerund should be in possessive case. (with perfect continuous infinitive form), d) Alice could be given a prize for her artwork. (General/ habit), b) Gerund: I like swimming. (Showing cause for the action), d) The book is for reading. I enjoy cooking. (Correct), #8:I still remember to meet you last year in Mumbai. (Incorrect)My mother taught me how to cook food. This page of rules is not fun, but it will answer many questions that you or your students may have about gerunds vs. infinitives. The negative version of both gerunds and infinitives is made simply by adding not. A mistake learners often make is saying a sentence similar to “I go to swim everyday.” when the correct sentence is “I go swimming everyday.” or even “I go to the gym to swim everyday.” When certain words, such as swim, follow the verb go, they must be gerunds.

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