While these numbers do not point to a migration “crisis” in France, the issue has nonetheless been more highly politicized, and for a longer time, than elsewhere in Europe. Despite all the efforts made through mobilisation of stakeholders (State services, community actors and local authorities), maintenance and extension of existing capacities are essential. When decisions are made on where to send individuals, their vulnerability, in particular if they have been victims of human trafficking, will be taken into full account. It is also the biggest city in France. As a result, immigration policy was made stricter. Thus today, in spite of a partial regularization of undocumented aliens in 1997, there are still many people living in France known as inexpulsables-irrégularisables. It will include the new Reception and Situation Examination Centres (CAESs) set up by the Government to improve initial reception of migrants before they have even applied for asylum. France is a core member state of the European Union and the Schengen area, which provides many benefits for its residents. These repressive measures rendered formerly legal migration flows illegal. Politicians across the political spectrum responded by arguing in favor of “immigration zéro,” and the right-wing coalition that came into power in 1993 translated the principle of zero immigration into policy. France has become the arrival point for migratory flows far greater than any previously experienced. For the last few decades, the flow of immigrants has increased, causing serious discussions in government. A long stay visa or entry permit is necessarily required for any person applying for a stay document. However, some areas have a higher immigrant population than others. 5 April 2018: working in committee, Members of Parliament adopt the increase to 90 days of the maximum period for holding foreigners awaiting expulsion. On the outer border, or upon first entry to the Schengen area, normal immigration control procedures apply, however admission to any Schengen country is considered admission to the whole Schengen area (all member countries), with no further immigration checks needed. The beaching of the East Sea also created political tensions within France. The latest French census, published in March 1999, showed that there were 3,263,000 foreigners in France (5.6 percent of the total population). These projects failed, primarily because France’s public administration used procedural means to block them. Bringing detention periods into line with the European average: the maximum detention period in France is currently the shortest in the EU. France has nonetheless continued to receive legal immigrants, with approximately 100,000 new entries per year. Making house arrest more effective: deportations without detention will be facilitated by extending and reinforcing the house-arrest scheme. Further measures introduced that year aimed at easing the conditions of entry for certain highly skilled professional categories. After World War II, France experienced dramatic growth of its economy and industry, which was a pull factor which attracted many new immigrants to join its labor force. The situation is the result of a search for protection, in particular in the face of armed conflict in the homeland. Currently France has no running business immigration programs, however, it is still possible to acquire a residence permit in France. After the decline of colonialism at the beginning of the 20th century, France was one of the most popular countries amongst immigrants from African countries. France also hosts many foreigners from Spain and Italy. It must also increase its attractiveness in the eyes of individuals we would like to see coming to France, as well as modernise and simplify the steps foreigners are obliged to take in order to get to France and reside here. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! In the immediate postwar period, France was the only country in Europe to encourage permanent immigration. 21 December 2017: the Government launches consultations for preparation of the Asylum and Immigration Bill, with 30 associations engaged in provision of emergency accommodation and reception of asylum seekers. The legal flows have included EU migrants who enjoy free movement rights, family members of legal residents, whose rights are protected by domestic law, and refugees and asylum-seekers admitted on the basis of constitutional and international law. Stay up to 90 days in French overseas territories. And unlike the United States, where organized business and ethnic interests have lobbied for expansive immigration legislation, France has no organized interest groups advocating greater immigration. When Socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin came into office in 1997, he chose the prominent political scientist Patrick Weil to write a report, L’immigration et la nationalité, that laid the groundwork for a new immigration law adopted in 1998. As of January 2016, according to census polls, 11.8% of the population of France are immigrants. Cases must now be brought to court within 96 rather than 72 hours. Foreign French Consulate is responsible for receiving, hearing visa applications and issuing approvals, however, in order to successfully apply for a visa you need to submit to the very specific Consulate, responsible for your country of residence.

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