The undersides of the wings have areas with pinkish-white and others with various shades of brown. In a matter of weeks, caterpillars become large and green. Krombein KV, Hurd PD, Jr, Smith DR, Burks BD. Difference between Male and Female Moths (Male Moth vs Female Moth) The body of the moth is divisible into head, thorax and abdomen. Peck O. Canada Department of Agriculture. Both genus names were published in the same year. Found this very beautiful but very lethargic moth on my front doormat this morning. Effect of photoperiod on the incidence and physiology of diapause in two saturniids. 1970. Pictures can be enlarged by clicking on them. Antheraea polyphemus caterpillars quaranted on Betula in rearing sleeves. Cocoon of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) with 2.0 mm diameter hole in top. Figure 10. Vol. Sex pheromone of the moth, Kochansky J, Carde RT, Taschenberg EF, Roelofs WL. Tuskes PM, Tuttle JP, Collins MM. Because the name Antheraea has been used more often in the literature, Ferguson (1972) recommended using that name rather than Telea to avoid confusion. Cocoon and Pupa: The single-layered cocoon is thicker and more elliptical than the cocoon of the luna moth (Wagner 2005). Figure 16. This is why in captivity, cocoons can sometimes hatch in the middle of winter, or produce more broods than usual. In instar 4 and 5, the caterpillars become quite fat and chubby, and will start eating a lot of leaves. Villiard P. 1975. Princeton University Press. Caterpillar rearing sleeves work very well if you live in a temperate climate, but so do caterpillar rearing cages with cut food plant in a water bottle, or a plastic container with the lid removed and replaced with netting/mesh to enable good airflow. Eggs of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer). We have had several of these unusual and beautiful moths! Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. Martinsville, Virginia. Moths and How to Rear Them. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Fresh cocoons are papery and silky white, but over the span of a few days they harden and become thougher and become brownish. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Use the drop-down menu's to select the particular species or subjects you are willing to learn more about. 289 pp. Fifth instars have a yellow band that extends around the dorsal and lateral areas directly behind the head, yellow bands laterally at the bases of the thoracic legs and a yellow mid-ventral line that extends the length of the abdomen. Otherwise, they are commonly associated with virtually all types of forest,wetlands, swamps, and any place where deciduous trees are common. Eggs. Harvard University Press. The caterpillars are quite polyphagous, and have an appetite for most common types of deciduous trees and woodland shrubs, including but not limited to birch (Betula), oaks (Quercus), maple (Acer), willows (Salix), cherries (Prunus), hawthorn (Crataegus), walnut (Juglans), sweetgum (Liquidambar), alder (Alnus), poplar (Populus), elm (Ulmus), Sassafras sp., tulip tree (Liriodendron), beech (Fagus), Gleditisia sp, , sumac (Rhus), Robinia sp., and more. All the funds I raise online will be invested in the website; in the form of new caresheets, but also rewriting and updating the old caresheets (some are scheduled to be rewritten), my educational websites, Youtube, breeding projects, the study of moths andconservation programs. Ithaca, New York. After the pairing, he leaves her alone the second night, and females may lay 100 to 300 eggs. Maximum reported dimensions in millimeters are 2.4 × 2 × 1.52 (length × width × height) (Peterson 1965). Figure 13. An exact match of the picture of a male. It’s succes, it appears, comes from it’s ability to survive in a wide range of habitats and climates. The most notable feature of the moth is its large, purplish eyespots on its two hindwings.The eyespots give it its name – from the Greek myth of the cyclops Polyphemus. Only for the willing and able. Townes HK. 2002. Paired moths often stay together for about 24 hours, so it’s easy to see if they have copulated. Male and female polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) antennae.

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