What is the meaning of God being rich in mercy (Ephesians 2:4)? What is meant by the τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις? ‘In kindness towards us.’ The word for kindness is used in Romans 11:22 of God delighting in mercy towards those whom He has chosen. "Commentary on Ephesians 2:7". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ephesians-2.html. The exceeding riches. Hence we have not mentally to supply with ἐνδείξ. (1) Christians are alive from the dead. That was not restricted grace-grace to a few, or grace to the more deserving, or grace to the milder forms of apostasy. More than ‘manifest,’ or, ‘make known;’ implying an active, effective, demonstration. 2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/ephesians-2.html. Prom. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. This is the purpose of the redeeming facts (Ephesians 2:4-6). III. The sense is, that the riches of divine grace, and the divine benignity, would be shown in the conversion of Christians and their salvation, to all future times. It is more natural to give it the proper force of “in,” as defining the way in which the grace showed itself in its surpassing riches. This exhibits still more strongly the hateful character of those by whom the free calling of the Gentiles was attacked; for they were endeavoring instantly to crush that scheme which was destined to be remembered through all ages. The Apostle seems to rise even higher than his ordinary height, while he gazes up to the inaccessible light, and with calm certainty proclaims not only what God has done, but why He has done it. Isaiah 44:7; Isaiah 45:11; Judith 9:5; 3 Maccabees 5:2; Luke 21:26; James 5:1; Hom. See on Ephesians 1:7. ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς ἐν χριστῷ ἰησοῦ] is to be taken together, and the instrumental ἐν indicates by what God will manifest the exceeding great riches of His grace in the ages to come, by kindness towards us in Christ Jesus, i.e. He opened your eyes by the Spirit of God to the word of God to your need of a Saviour. Justification of our persons (Psalms 32:1). John Trapp Complete Commentary. He's going to show forth His Wisdom of Solomon , His counsel through the church. And all the grace in this kindness shown in the first century is a lesson even to the nineteenth century. 5. Here, again, the manifestation of the riches of God’s grace is looked upon as His special delight, and as His chosen way of manifesting His own self to His creatures. That love, ‘unmerited and free,’ holds in solution power, wisdom and all the other physical or metaphysical perfections belonging to God with all their energies. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/ephesians-2.html. Harless, Meyer, Olshausen, de Wette, and Bisping, take them as descriptive of the future world. Even in heaven Christians will continue to experience the wealth of God"s kindness. He will show to us ‘the exceeding riches of His grace.’ What could be greater than that? See on easy, Matthew 11:30. 1999. Final clause with ινα — hina and first aorist middle subjunctive of ενδεικνυμι — endeiknumi See note on Ephesians 1:8 for “riches of grace” and note on Ephesians 1:19 for “exceeding” (υπερβαλλον — huperballon). They express the idea of eternity. Both are in fact true. The apostle Paul did not anticipate the end of the world in a few days, or a few weeks, or in his lifetime, but on the other hand considered that God's grace would be available in the salvation of sinful men for "ages to come." Cf. The conjunction of both with God, Ephesians 2:15-18. “In the ages to come”: “Lit., the ages, those which are coming on” (Vincent p. 376). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ephesians-2.html. The end of all God’s grace and mercy towards believers in Christ, is for the manifestation of His glory, and praise of His name. Lit., the ages, those which are coming on. Men look at Him and see it; He shows us that grace because He was full of grace and truth. Then he put on the purple robe, and mounted the horse; and as he rode along, he kept saying to himself, “All these are mine! This will commence at the blessed period of the glorious summing up in Christ of Ephesians 1:10, (where see note,) and is brought to its consummation by the wonderful display of omnipotent power described in Ephesians 1:19, (where see note,) to a vivid view of which the apostle offers his continued and glowing prayer that the Ephesian eyes may be opened. (Ephesians 2:4.) Luke 21:26; James 5:1; Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 41:22 f., Isaiah 42:23, Isaiah 44:7, Isaiah 45:11. τὸ ὑπερβάλλον πλοῦτος. We do not understand, with Olshausen, that ἐν χρηστότητι is a closer definition of the more general χάρις. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Gentium vocatio mirabile est divinae bonitatis opus, quod filiis parentes et avi nepotibus tradere per manus debent, ut nunquam ex hominum animis silentio deleatur. And in simple faith you took Christ as your Saviour. And as long as the world lasts, so long will Christian men be God’s witnesses to it. Throughout time and in eternity, the church, this society of pardoned rebels, is designed by God to be the masterpiece of His goodness” (p. 288). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/ephesians-2.html. My friend, why do you think you were born on the earth? Ralph Erskine at Dunfermline a man was executed for robbery, whom he repeatedly visited in prison, and whom he attended on the scaffold. Aim of God in connection with what is said, Ephesians 2:5-6. ἵνα ἐνδείξηται] prefixed with emphasis: in order—not to leave concealed and unknown, but—to exhibit and make manifest, etc. (3) the conversion of “great” sinners is a special proof of the divine benignity. The condition of the human race as it now exists is not a theme for pleasurable meditation. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. We need to be very close to Him for ourselves if we would worthily witness to others of what we have found Him to be. ῞ινα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις—“In order that He might show forth in the ages which are coming”- ἵνα indicating design. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". Ephesians 2:7. ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸν ὑπερβάλλοντα πλοῦτον τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ: that He might shew forth in the ages that are coming the exceeding riches of His grace. 7. ἵνα ἐνδείξηται, ‘to display as a trait of his own character.’. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". The verb ἐνδείξηται, which in the New Testament is always used in the middle voice, means to show for oneself-for His own glory. The manifestation of His glory in its surpassing wealth is His final purpose in the same. xxiv. The late Bible teacher, Harry Ironside, was quite a character. Mr. Hill sent the poor man a five pound note with the endorsement--“More to follow.” Every few months came the remittance, with the same message--“More to follow.” Now that is grace. Christ is for us only if we are in Christ; we are in Christ only because He died for us. 1905. BibliographyMitchell, John G. D.D. God will never tire of us. John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians and Colossians. The first respects our misery; the second defines the co-essential form of this- ἔλεος; the third characterizes its free outgoing, and the last points to its palpable and experienced embodiment. As creatures. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The whole scheme of redemption is traced up to its source in the Divine benevolence--“God so loved the world,” etc. We need to remember that God"s kindness has always been conditional (Genesis 6:8-9; Lamentations 3:25; Isaiah 64:4).

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